The Simply Good Foods Company Reports Third Quarter 2018 Financial Results

DENVER, July 10, 2018 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- The Simply Good Foods Company (NASDAQ:SMPL) (NASDAQ:SMPL) ("Simply Good Foods," or the "Company"), a developer, marketer and seller of branded nutritional foods and snacking products, today reported financial results for the thirteen week and thirty-nine week periods ended May 26, 2018.

"Our strong third quarter financial and marketplace results continue to reflect the effectiveness of the strategic initiatives we outlined earlier this year that focus on marketing investments targeting our broader lifestyle consumers, refreshed packaging, cleaner labels and new products," said Joseph E. Scalzo, President and Chief Executive Officer of The Simply Good Foods Company. "Organic sales growth of 11.1% this quarter was driven by volume and more efficient trade spend, resulting in solid gross margin and adjusted EBITDA(1) expansion. Retail takeaway performance accelerated in the quarter and increased 9.8% and 6.9% for the thirteen and thirty-nine weeks ended May 26, 2018. Through the third quarter, we have grown year-to-date net sales 8.2% and are well positioned to deliver solid financial results in fiscal 2018."

Results for the Successor Period for the Thirteen Weeks Ended May 26, 2018, and Predecessor Period for the Thirteen Weeks Ended May 27, 2017(1)

  • Successor net sales were $107.2 million and Predecessor net sales were $96.5 million
  • Successor income tax expense was $2.8 million and Predecessor income tax expense was $1.8 million
  • Successor net income was $7.1 million and Predecessor net income was $4.3 million

In order to present comparable financial information, the Company has also presented supplemental unaudited pro forma financial information for the thirteen weeks and thirty-nine weeks ended May 27, 2017, which give effect to the business combination (the "Business Combination") with Conyers Park Acquisition Corp. ("Conyers Park") and NCP-ATK Holdings, Inc. ("Atkins") as if it had occurred on August 28, 2016. All references in this press release section to results for the thirteen week and thirty-nine week third quarter ended May 27, 2017, refer to such unaudited pro forma results. The Company believes this pro forma information provides helpful supplemental information with respect to the performance of Simply Good Foods, and particularly the Atkins business, during this period.

Third Quarter 2018 Financial Highlights vs. Third Quarter 2017 Pro Forma

  • Net sales increased 11.1%, or $10.7 million, to $107.2 million
  • Gross profit margin of 47.8%, an increase of 270 basis points
  • Net income increased $1.7 million to $7.1 million
  • Earnings per diluted share ("EPS") of $0.10, an increase of $0.03 per fully diluted share
  • Adjusted EBITDA(2) increased 21.4%, to $17.9 million.

(All comparisons above are with respect to the Predecessor's pro forma thirteen week third quarter ended May 27, 2017)

________________________________________

(1) On July 7, 2017, the Company completed the Business Combination between Atkins and Conyers Park. As a result of the Business Combination, both Conyers Park and Atkins became wholly-owned subsidiaries of Simply Good Foods. Pursuant to GAAP and SEC requirements, and the application of acquisition accounting, the Company's consolidated financial results are presented: (i) as of and for the thirteen weeks and  thirty-nine weeks ended May 26, 2018 (Successor); and (ii) as of and for the thirteen weeks and thirty-nine weeks ended May 27, 2017 (Predecessor). All references to "Successor" refers to Simply Good Foods, and all references to "Predecessor" refers to Atkins prior to the Business Combination.

(2) Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure. Please refer to "Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA" in this press release for an explanation and reconciliations of this non-GAAP financial measure.

Net sales increased $10.7 million, or 11.1%, to $107.2 million. The net sales increase of 11.1% was entirely organic, driven by volume growth of 6.5% and a 4.6% benefit from lower levels of promotional allowances.

Gross profit was $51.3 million for the third quarter of 2018, an increase of $7.7 million or 17.7%. Gross profit margin was 47.8% compared to 45.1% for the pro forma thirteen weeks ended May 27, 2017 due primarily to the aforementioned net price realization.

Net income increased $1.7 million, to $7.1 million, primarily due to an improvement in gross profit, partially offset by a slight increase in distribution costs. Additionally, as discussed previously, the Company made investments in organizational capabilities and processes that positions it for further growth and ensures marketplace momentum continues into fiscal 2019. Specifically, selling and marketing expense increased $0.6 million and $1.3 million, respectively, driven by higher levels of brand building initiatives, advertising, and digital marketing investments. General and administrative expenses increased 14.7% as a result of higher public company costs and investments to enhance organizational capabilities in key functions, including preparation for future compliance requirements.

Adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP financial measure used by the Company that makes certain adjustments to net income calculated under GAAP, increased 21.4% to $17.9 million.

(All comparisons above are with respect to the Predecessor's pro forma thirteen week third quarter ended May 27, 2017)

Results for the Successor Period for the Thirty-Nine Weeks Ended May 26, 2018, and Predecessor Period for the Thirty-Nine Weeks Ended May 27, 2017(1)

  • Successor net sales were $323.2 million and Predecessor net sales were $298.6 million
  • Successor income tax benefit was $17.5 million and Predecessor income tax expense was $8.7 million
  • Successor net income was $58.7 million and Predecessor net income was $14.6 million

Year-to-Date Third Quarter 2018 Financial Highlights vs. Year-to-Date Third Quarter 2017 Pro-Forma

  • Net sales increased 8.2%, or $24.6 million, to $323.2 million
  • Gross profit margin of 47.7%, an increase of 120 basis points
  • Net income increased $37.8 million to $58.7 million, benefiting from changes to tax rates and other one-time gains
  • Earnings per diluted share ("EPS") of $0.81, an increase of $0.52 per fully diluted share
  • Adjusted EBITDA(2) increased 9.7%, to $60.5 million.

(All comparisons above are with respect to the Predecessor's pro forma thirty-nine week third quarter ended May 27, 2017)

Net sales increased $24.6 million, or 8.2%, to $323.2 million driven by organic net sales growth of 6.9%, including a favorable change in trade expense of 0.6%, and the prior year acquisition of Wellness Foods added 1.3%.

Gross profit was $154.3 million for the thirty-nine weeks ended May 26, 2018, an increase $15.4 million, or 11.1%. Gross profit margin was 47.7% compared to 46.5% for the pro forma thirty-nine weeks ended May 27, 2017 due to lower trade expense and favorable mix.

Net income increased $37.8 million to $58.7 million primarily due to a one-time gain related to the re-measurement of deferred tax liabilities of $29.0 million, a one-time gain of $4.7 million in the fair value of the Tax Receivable Agreement, as well as improvement in gross profit. This was partially offset by slightly higher distribution costs, $1.9 million in business transaction costs related to the equity offering by one of our stockholders in February and merger & acquisition due diligence costs, a 9.7% increase in selling expense, a 6.7% increase in marketing expense, and a 12.2% increase in general and administrative expenses as a result of public company costs and the addition of Wellness Foods acquired in December 2016.

Adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP financial measure used by the Company that makes certain adjustments to net income calculated under GAAP, increased 9.7% to $60.5 million.

(All comparisons above are with respect to the Predecessor's pro forma thirty-nine week third quarter ended May 27, 2017)

Balance Sheet and Cash Flow

As of May 26, 2018, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of $88.4 million and $199.0 million in outstanding principal of the term loan, resulting in a trailing twelve month pro forma combined Net Debt to Adjusted EBITDA ratio of 1.4x. The Company also has a $75.0 million revolving line of credit available for borrowing which is not currently being utilized.

Tax Cuts and Jobs Act

On December 22, 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the "Tax Act") was signed into law. The change in the tax law is partially effective in our current 2018 fiscal year and will be fully effective in our 2019 fiscal year. The Tax Act, among other things, reduces the top U.S. federal corporate tax rate from 35% to 21%, requires companies to pay a one-time transition tax on earnings of certain foreign subsidiaries that were previously tax deferred, and creates new taxes on certain foreign sourced earnings. As of May 26, 2018, we have not completed our accounting for the tax effects of enactment of the Tax Act; however, as described below, we have made a reasonable estimate of the effects on our existing deferred tax balances and the one-time transition tax. In other cases, we have not been able to make a reasonable estimate and continue to account for those items based on our existing accounting under ASC 740, Income Taxes, and the provisions of the tax laws that were in effect immediately prior to enactment. For the items for which we were able to determine a reasonable estimate, we recognized a provisional gain of $29.0 million, which is included as a component of Income tax expense (benefit) in the accompanying thirty-nine week Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income. While our Tax Act assessment is provisional, we do not anticipate material changes.

The Tax Act reduces the corporate federal tax rate to 21%, effective January 1, 2018. As of May 26, 2018, we have recorded a provisional decrease to our deferred tax liabilities, with a corresponding net adjustment to deferred income tax benefit of $29.0 million. While we are able to make a reasonable estimate of the impact of the reduction in corporate rate, it may be affected by other analysis related to the Tax Act, including, but not limited to, our calculation of deemed repatriation of deferred foreign income and the state tax effect of adjustments made to federal temporary differences.

Outlook

Given the strong year-to-date results, the Company has updated its outlook for the fiscal year 2018. Specifically, the Company expects the full year 2018 net sales growth rate to be similar to the year-to-date growth rate. Including the previously discussed investments in the business, the Company anticipates Adjusted EBITDA growth will be slightly lower than net sales growth.

Conference Call and Webcast Information

The Company will host a conference call with members of the executive management team to discuss these results today, Tuesday, July 10, 2018 at 6:30 a.m. Mountain time (8:30 a.m. Eastern time).  Investors interested in participating in the live call can dial 877-407-0792 from the U.S. and International callers can dial 201-689-8263.

In addition, the call and accompanying presentation slides will be broadcast live over the Internet hosted at the "Investor Relations" section of the Company's website at http://www.thesimplygoodfoodscompany.com. The webcast will be archived for 30 days. A telephone replay will be available approximately two hours after the call concludes and will be available through Tuesday, July 24, 2018, by dialing 844-512-2921 from the U.S., or 412-317-6671 from international locations, and entering confirmation code 13680857.

About The Simply Good Foods Company

The Simply Good Foods Company is the company created by the business combination of Conyers Park Acquisition Corp., with executive founders Jim Kilts and Dave West, long-time business leaders in the consumer products sector, and NCP-ATK Holdings, Inc. Today, our highly-focused product portfolio consists primarily of nutrition bars, ready-to-drink shakes, snacks and confectionery products marketed under the Atkins®, SimplyProtein®, Atkins Endulge®, and Atkins Harvest Trail brand names. Simply Good Foods will look to expand its platform through investment opportunities in the snacking space and broader food category. Over time, Simply Good Foods aspires to become a portfolio of brands that bring simple goodness, happiness and positive experiences to consumers and their families. For more information, please visit https://www.thesimplygoodfoodscompany.com.

Forward Looking Statements

Certain statements made herein are not historical facts but are forward-looking statements for purposes of the safe harbor provisions under The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements generally are accompanied by or include words such as "will", "expect", "aspire", "outlook" or other similar words, phrases or expressions. These forward-looking statements include statements regarding future plans for the Company, the estimated or anticipated future results and benefits of the Company's future plans and operations, future opportunities for the Company, and other statements that are not historical facts. These statements are based on the current expectations of the Company's management and are not predictions of actual performance. These statements are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties and the Company's business and actual results may differ materially. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, changes in the business environment in which the Company operates including general financial, economic, regulatory and political conditions affecting the industry in which the Company operates; changes in consumer preferences and purchasing habits; the impact of the Tax Act on the Company's business; changes in taxes, tariffs, duties, governmental laws and regulations; the availability of or competition for other brands, assets or other opportunities for investment by the Company or to expand the Company's business; competitive product and pricing activity; difficulties of managing growth profitably; the loss of one or more members of the Company's management team; and other risk factors described from time to time in the Company's Form 10-K, Form 10-Q, and Form 8-K reports (including all amendments to those reports) filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission from time to time. In addition, forward-looking statements provide the Company's expectations, plans or forecasts of future events and views as of the date of this communication. Except as required by law, the Company undertakes no obligation to update such statements to reflect events or circumstances arising after such date, and cautions investors not to place undue reliance on any such forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements should not be relied upon as representing the Company's assessments as of any date subsequent to the date of this communication.

Investor Contact
Mark Pogharian
Vice President, Investor Relations, Treasury and Business Development
The Simply Good Foods Company
717-307-8197
mpogharian@thesimplygoodfoodscompany.com

The Simply Good Foods Company and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited, dollars in thousands, except share data)

  May 26, 2018     August 26, 2017
Assets (Successor)     (Successor)
Current assets:        
Cash and cash equivalents $ 88,361       $ 56,501  
Accounts receivable, net 41,661       37,181  
Inventories 24,955       29,062  
Prepaid expenses 4,216       2,904  
Other current assets 10,911       8,263  
Total current assets 170,104       133,911  
         
Long-term assets:        
Property and equipment, net 2,460       2,105  
Intangible assets, net 314,270       319,148  
Goodwill 471,427       465,030  
Other long-term assets 2,294       2,294  
Total assets $ 960,555       $ 922,488  
         
Liabilities and stockholders' equity        
Current liabilities:        
Accounts payable $ 10,127       $ 14,859  
Accrued interest 527       561  
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities 15,054       15,042  
Current portion of TRA liability 2,579       2,548  
Current maturities of long-term debt 664       234  
Total current liabilities 28,951       33,244  
         
Long-term liabilities:        
Long-term debt, less current maturities 191,084       191,856  
Long-term portion of TRA liability 25,325       23,127  
Deferred income taxes 55,033       75,559  
Total liabilities 300,393       323,786  
See commitments and contingencies (Note 8)        
         
Stockholders' equity:        
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized, none issued        
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 600,000,000 shares authorized, 70,582,573 and
70,562,477 issued and outstanding, respectively
706       706  
Additional paid-in-capital 613,350       610,138  
Retained earnings (accumulated deficit) 46,588       (12,161 )
Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income (482 )     19  
Total stockholders' equity 660,162       598,702  
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity $ 960,555       $ 922,488  
 

The Simply Good Foods Company and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income
(Unaudited, dollars in thousands, except share data)

  Thirteen Weeks Ended   Thirty-Nine Weeks Ended
  May 26, 2018     May 27, 2017   May 26, 2018     May 27, 2017
  (Successor)     (Predecessor)   (Successor)     (Predecessor)
Net sales $ 107,233       $ 96,503     $ 323,167       $ 298,614  
Cost of goods sold 55,949       52,933     168,869       159,759  
Gross profit 51,284       43,570     154,298       138,855  
                   
Operating expenses:                  
Distribution 4,656       4,084     14,864       13,413  
Selling 4,972       4,350     13,850       12,621  
Marketing 10,999       9,733     30,905       28,969  
General and administrative 14,158       12,276     38,948       33,975  
Depreciation and amortization 1,911       2,482     5,793       7,409  
Business transaction costs 35           1,912        
Loss (gain) in fair value change of
contingent consideration - TRA liability
614           (2,412 )      
Other expense 137       17     567       75  
Total operating expenses 37,482       32,942     104,427       96,462  
                   
Income from operations 13,802       10,628     49,871       42,393  
                   
Other income (expense):                  
Change in warrant liabilities       1,119           722  
Interest expense (3,057 )     (6,430 )   (9,169 )     (20,059 )
(Loss) gain on foreign currency transactions (837 )     724     119       6  
Other income 77       83     475       282  
Total other expense (3,817 )     (4,504 )   (8,575 )     (19,049 )
                   
Income before income taxes 9,985       6,124     41,296       23,344  
Income tax expense (benefit) 2,848       1,777     (17,453 )     8,747  
Net income $ 7,137       $ 4,347     $ 58,749       $ 14,597  
                   
Other comprehensive income:                  
Foreign currency translation adjustments 299       (805 )   (501 )     (389 )
Comprehensive income $ 7,436       $ 3,542     $ 58,248       $ 14,208  
                   
Earnings per share from net income:                  
Basic $ 0.10           $ 0.83        
Diluted $ 0.10           $ 0.81        
Weighted average shares outstanding:                  
Basic 70,582,573           70,578,687        
Diluted 73,466,285           72,907,141        
                       

The Simply Good Foods Company and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited, dollars in thousands)

  Thirty-Nine Weeks Ended
  May 26, 2018     May 27, 2017
  (Successor)     (Predecessor)
Operating activities        
Net income $ 58,749       $ 14,597  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:        
Depreciation and amortization 5,793       7,409  
Amortization of deferred financing costs and debt discount 977       1,474  
Stock compensation expense 2,981       1,871  
Change in warrant liabilities       (722 )
Gain in fair value change of contingent consideration - TRA liability (2,412 )      
Unrealized gain (loss) on foreign currency transactions 119       (111 )
Deferred income taxes (20,876 )     (1,128 )
Loss on disposal of property and equipment 77        
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:        
Accounts receivable, net (4,812 )     8,289  
Inventories 4,003       (1,110 )
Prepaid expenses (1,296 )     (399 )
Other current assets (2,334 )     (7,964 )
Accounts payable (4,676 )     (1,168 )
Accrued interest (34 )     (490 )
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities 203       (1,846 )
Other (239 )     39  
Net cash provided by operating activities 36,223       18,741  
         
Investing activities        
Purchases of property and equipment (1,347 )     (421 )
Acquisition of business, net of cash acquired (1,757 )     (21,039 )
Net cash used in investing activities (3,104 )     (21,460 )
         
Financing activities        
Proceeds from option exercises       109  
Cash received from warrant exercises 231        
Deferred financing costs (319 )      
Principal payments of long-term debt (1,000 )     (53,586 )
Net cash used in financing activities (1,088 )     (53,477 )
Cash and cash equivalents        
Net increase (decrease) in cash 32,031       (56,196 )
Effect of exchange rate on cash (171 )     (133 )
         
Cash at beginning of period 56,501       78,492  
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $ 88,361       $ 22,163  
 

Supplemental Unaudited Pro Forma Combined Thirteen Week Period Ended May 27, 2017

The following unaudited pro forma financial information has been prepared from the perspective of Atkins and its thirteen week quarter ended May 27, 2017.  The unaudited pro forma income statement presents the historical consolidated statement of operations of Atkins for the thirteen weeks ended May 27, 2017, giving effect to the Business Combination as if it had occurred on August 28, 2016.

The unaudited pro forma financial statements give effect to the Business Combination in accordance with the acquisition method of accounting for business combinations. The historical financial information has been adjusted to give pro forma effect to events that are related and/or directly attributable to the Business Combination, are factually supportable and are expected to have a continuing impact on the results of the combined company. The adjustments presented on the unaudited pro forma financial statements have been identified and presented to provide relevant information necessary for an accurate understanding of the combined company upon consummation of the Business Combination.

The unaudited pro forma financial information is for illustrative purposes only. The financial results may have been different if the Business Combination actually been completed sooner. You should not rely on the unaudited pro forma financial information as being indicative of the historical results that would have been achieved if the Business Combination been completed as of the beginning of fiscal 2017.

Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations
For the Pro Forma Thirteen Week Period Ended May 27, 2017
(In thousands)

    Unaudited Historical (i)       Pro Forma
    (Predecessor)       Unaudited
    13-weeks ended   Pro Forma
Adjustments
  13-weeks ended
(in thousands)   May 27, 2017     May 27, 2017
Net sales   $ 96,503     $     $ 96,503  
Cost of goods sold   52,933         52,933  
Gross profit   43,570         43,570  
             
Operating expenses:            
Distribution   4,084         4,084  
Selling   4,350         4,350  
Marketing   9,733         9,733  
General and administrative   12,276     64   ii 12,340  
Depreciation and amortization   2,482     (561 ) iii 1,921  
Other expense   17         17  
Total operating expenses   32,942     (497 )   32,445  
             
Income from operations   10,628     497     11,125  
             
Other income (expense):            
Change in warrant liabilities   1,119     (1,119 ) iv  
Interest expense   (6,430 )   3,453   v (2,977 )
(Loss) gain on foreign currency transactions   724         724  
Other income   83         83  
Total other expense   (4,504 )   2,334     (2,170 )
             
Income before income taxes   6,124     2,831     8,955  
Income tax expense (benefit)   1,777     1,769   vi 3,546  
Net income   $ 4,347     $ 1,062     $ 5,409  
             
Other financial data:            
Adjusted EBITDA (vii)   $ 14,773         $ 14,773  
i.  The amounts presented represent the Predecessor's historical GAAP results of operations.
ii.  The adjustment represents the incremental stock-based compensation expense under the new Simply Good Foods omnibus incentive plan.
iii. The adjustment reflects the difference in the intangible asset amortization expense associated with the allocation of purchase price to intangible assets due to the Business Combination. The amortization expense decreased as additional indefinite lived intangible assets were identified for the successor entity than the predecessor entity. The amount of amortizable intangible assets identified in the Business Combination decreased from $125.8 million to $88.0 million.
iv. Simply Good Foods warrants are not liabilities and are accounted for as equity warrants. To make the periods comparable the adjustment represents the corresponding reversal of the predecessor fair value adjustment of expense.
v.  The adjustment represents the expected interest expense, as of the time of the close of the Business Combination, associated with the term loan and revolving debt facilities of Simply Good Foods. The predecessor entity had $337.2 million outstanding as of August 27, 2016 while the successor entity had $200.0 million outstanding. At the time of the Transaction, the long-term debt of the predecessor entity accrued interest at 6.25% on the first lien and 9.75% on the second lien while the successor debt accrued interest at 3 month LIBOR and 4%. The significant reduction in outstanding principal and lower interest rates drive significant expense savings on a Pro Forma basis. Refer to Note 5 for details on the Long-Term Debt and Line of Credit.
vi.  Represents the effective income tax rate of 39.6%. The amounts presented may be rounded for presentation purposes.
vii. Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure. For a reconciliation to its most directly comparable GAAP measure, see "Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA" below.
 

Comparison of Unaudited Results for the Thirteen Week Period Ended May 26, 2018 and the Supplemental Pro Forma Thirteen Week Period Ended May 27, 2017

For comparative purposes, we are presenting an unaudited statement of operations for the thirteen week period ended May 26, 2018, compared to unaudited supplemental pro forma statement of operations for the thirteen week period ended May 27, 2017. The following table presents, for the periods indicated, selected information from our supplemented unaudited pro forma condensed consolidated financial results, including information presented as a percentage of net sales:

    Historical      Pro Forma
    Successor     Predecessor
    unaudited         unaudited    
    13-weeks ended         13-weeks ended    
(in thousands)   May 26, 2018   % of sales     May 27, 2017   % of sales
Net sales   $ 107,233     100.0  %     $ 96,503     100.0  %
Cost of goods sold   55,949     52.2  %     52,933     54.9  %
Gross profit   51,284     47.8  %     43,570     45.1  %
                   
Operating expenses:                  
Distribution   4,656     4.3  %     4,084     4.2  %
Selling   4,972     4.6  %     4,350     4.5  %
Marketing   10,999     10.3  %     9,733     10.1  %
General and administrative   14,158     13.2  %     12,340     12.8  %
Depreciation and amortization   1,911     1.8  %     1,921     2.0  %
Business transaction costs   35      %          %
Loss (gain) in fair value change of contingent consideration -
TRA liability
  614     0.6  %          %
Other expense   137     0.1  %     17      %
Total operating expenses   37,482     35.0  %     32,445     33.6  %
                   
Income from operations   13,802     12.9  %     11,125     11.5  %
                   
Other income (expense):                  
Change in warrant liabilities        %          %
Interest expense   (3,057 )   (2.9 )%     (2,977 )   (3.1 )%
(Loss) gain on foreign currency transactions   (837 )   (0.8 )%     724     0.8  %
Other income   77     0.1  %     83     0.1  %
Total other expense   (3,817 )   (3.6 )%     (2,170 )   (2.2 )%
                   
Income before income taxes   9,985     9.3  %     8,955     9.3  %
Income tax expense   2,848     2.7  %     3,546     3.7  %
Net income   $ 7,137     6.7  %     $ 5,409     5.6  %
                   
Earnings per share from net income:                  
Basic   $ 0.10           $ 0.08      
Diluted   $ 0.10           $ 0.07      
Weighted average shares outstanding: (i)                  
Basic   70,582,573           70,582,573      
Diluted   73,466,285           73,466,285      

i.  For comparability purposes the historical financial information has been adjusted to give pro forma effect to events that are related and/or directly attributable to the Business Combination. The Company has assumed the pro forma weighted average shares outstanding of the Predecessor to be the same as the comparable period of the Successor as the pro forma results of the predecessor is adjusted for the incremental difference in stock-based compensation and the treatment of the warrant liabilities. Prior to the Business Combination the predecessor had 508,219 shares of Common Stock outstanding.

Supplemental Unaudited Pro Forma Combined Thirty-Nine Week Period Ended May 27, 2017

The following unaudited pro forma financial information has been prepared from the perspective of Atkins and for the thirty-nine weeks ended May 27, 2017.  The unaudited pro forma income statement presents the historical consolidated statement of operations of Atkins for the thirty-nine weeks ended May 27, 2017, giving effect to the Business Combination as if it had occurred on August 28, 2016.

The unaudited pro forma financial statements give effect to the Business Combination in accordance with the acquisition method of accounting for business combinations. The historical financial information has been adjusted to give pro forma effect to events that are related and/or directly attributable to the Business Combination, are factually supportable and are expected to have a continuing impact on the results of the combined company. The adjustments presented on the unaudited pro forma financial statements have been identified and presented to provide relevant information necessary for an accurate understanding of the combined company upon consummation of the Business Combination.

The unaudited pro forma financial information is for illustrative purposes only. The financial results may have been different if the Business Combination actually been completed sooner. You should not rely on the unaudited pro forma financial information as being indicative of the historical results that would have been achieved if the Business Combination been completed as of the beginning of fiscal 2017.

Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations
For the Pro Forma Thirty-nine week Period Ended May 27, 2017
(In thousands)

    Unaudited Historical (i)       Pro Forma
    (Predecessor)       Unaudited
    39-weeks ended   Pro Forma
Adjustments
  39-weeks ended
(in thousands)   May 27, 2017     May 27, 2017
Net sales   $ 298,614     $     $ 298,614  
Cost of goods sold   159,759         159,759  
Gross profit   138,855         138,855  
             
Operating expenses:            
Distribution   13,413         13,413  
Selling   12,621         12,621  
Marketing   28,969         28,969  
General and administrative   33,975     745   ii 34,720  
Depreciation and amortization   7,409     (1,682 ) iii 5,727  
Other expense   75         75  
Total operating expenses   96,462     (937 )   95,525  
             
Income from operations   42,393     937     43,330  
             
Other income (expense):            
Change in warrant liabilities   722     (722 ) iv  
Interest expense   (20,059 )   11,127   v (8,932 )
(Loss) gain on foreign currency transactions   6         6  
Other income   282         282  
Total other expense   (19,049 )   10,405     (8,644 )
             
Income before income taxes   23,344     11,342     34,686  
Income tax expense (benefit)   8,747     4,989   vi 13,736  
Net income   $ 14,597     $ 6,353     $ 20,950  
             
Other Financial Data (Unaudited):            
Adjusted EBITDA (ix)   $ 55,133         $ 55,133  
i.  The amounts presented represent the Predecessor's historical GAAP results of operations.
ii.  The adjustment represents the incremental stock-based compensation expense under the new Simply Good Foods omnibus incentive plan.
iii. The adjustment reflects the difference in the intangible asset amortization expense associated with the allocation of purchase price to intangible assets due to the Business Combination. The amortization expense decreased as additional indefinite lived intangible assets were identified for the successor entity than the predecessor entity. The amount of amortizable intangible assets identified in the Business Combination decreased from $125.8 million to $88.0 million.
iv. Simply Good Foods warrants are not liabilities and are accounted for as equity warrants. To make the periods comparable the adjustment represents the corresponding reversal of the predecessor fair value adjustment of expense.
v.  The adjustment represents the expected interest expense, as of the time of the close of the Business Combination, associated with the term loan and revolving debt facilities of Simply Good Foods. The predecessor entity had $337.2 million outstanding as of August 27, 2016 while the successor entity had $200.0 million outstanding. At the time of the Transaction, the long-term debt of the predecessor entity accrued interest at 6.25% on the first lien and 9.75% on the second lien while the successor debt accrued interest at 3 month LIBOR and 4%. The significant reduction in outstanding principal and lower interest rates drive significant expense savings on a Pro Forma basis. Refer to Note 5 for details on the Long-Term Debt and Line of Credit.
vi.  Represents the effective income tax rate of 39.6%. The amounts presented may be rounded for presentation purposes.
vii. Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure. For a reconciliation to its most directly comparable GAAP measure, see "Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA" below.
 

Comparison of Unaudited Results for the Thirty-Nine Week Period Ended May 26, 2018 and the Supplemental Pro Forma Thirty-Nine Week Period Ended May 27, 2017

For comparative purposes, we are presenting an unaudited statement of operations for the thirty-nine week period ended May 26, 2018, compared to unaudited supplemental pro forma statement of operations for the thirty-nine week period ended May 27, 2017. The following table presents, for the periods indicated, selected information from our supplemented unaudited pro forma condensed consolidated financial results, including information presented as a percentage of net sales:

    Historical      Pro Forma
    Successor     Predecessor
    unaudited         unaudited    
    39-weeks ended         39-weeks ended    
(in thousands)   May 26, 2018   % of sales     May 27, 2017   % of sales
Net sales   $ 323,167     100.0  %     $ 298,614     100.0  %
Cost of goods sold   168,869     52.3  %     159,759     53.5  %
Gross profit   154,298     47.7  %     138,855     46.5  %
                   
Operating expenses:                  
Distribution   14,864     4.6  %     13,413     4.5  %
Selling   13,850     4.3  %     12,621     4.2  %
Marketing   30,905     9.6  %     28,969     9.7  %
General and administrative   38,948     12.1  %     34,720     11.6  %
Depreciation and amortization   5,793     1.8  %     5,727     1.9  %
Business transaction costs   1,912     0.6  %          %
Loss (gain) in fair value change of contingent consideration -
TRA liability
  (2,412 )   (0.7 )%          %
Other expense   567     0.2  %     75      %
Total operating expenses   104,427     32.3  %     95,525     32.0  %
                   
Income from operations   49,871     15.4  %     43,330     14.5  %
                   
Other income (expense):                  
Change in warrant liabilities        %          %
Interest expense   (9,169 )   (2.8 )%     (8,932 )   (3.0 )%
(Loss) gain on foreign currency transactions   119      %     6      %
Other income   475     0.1  %     282     0.1  %
Total other expense   (8,575 )   (2.7 )%     (8,644 )   (2.9 )%
                   
Income before income taxes   41,296     12.8  %     34,686     11.6  %
Income tax expense (benefit)   (17,453 )   (5.4 )%     13,736     4.6  %
Net income   $ 58,749     18.2  %     $ 20,950     7.0  %
                   
Earnings per share from net income:                  
Basic   $ 0.83           $ 0.30      
Diluted   $ 0.81           $ 0.29      
Weighted average shares outstanding: (i)                  
Basic   70,578,687           70,578,687      
Diluted   72,907,141           72,907,141      

i.  For comparability purposes the historical financial information has been adjusted to give pro forma effect to events that are related and/or directly attributable to the Business Combination. The Company has assumed the pro forma weighted average shares outstanding of the Predecessor to be the same as the comparable period of the Successor as the pro forma results of the predecessor is adjusted for the incremental difference in stock-based compensation and the treatment of the warrant liabilities. Prior to the Business Combination the predecessor had 508,219 shares of Common Stock outstanding.

Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA

Adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure commonly used in our industry and should not be construed as an alternative to net income as an indicator of operating performance or as an alternative to cash flow provided by operating activities as a measure of liquidity (each as determined in accordance with GAAP). Simply Good Foods defines Adjusted EBITDA (earnings before interest, tax, depreciation, and amortization) as net income before interest expense, income tax expense, depreciation and amortization with further adjustments to exclude the following items: stock-based compensation and warrant expense, transaction costs and IPO readiness costs, restructuring costs, management fees, frozen media licensing fees, transactional exchange impact, change in fair value of contingent consideration - TRA liability, business transaction costs, and other non-core expenses. The Company believes that the inclusion of these supplementary adjustments in presenting Adjusted EBITDA are appropriate to provide additional information to investors and reflects more accurately operating results of the on-going operations. Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to other similarly titled captions of other companies due to differences in calculation.

The following unaudited tables below provides a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to its most directly comparable GAAP measure, which is net income, for the thirteen week periods ended May 26, 2018 (Successor), May 27, 2017 (Predecessor), and pro forma period ended May 27, 2017.

Adjusted EBITDA Reconciliation:
 (in thousands)
13-weeks ended     13-weeks ended   13-weeks ended
May 26, 2018     May 27, 2017   May 27, 2017
(Successor)     (Predecessor)   (Pro Forma)
Net income $ 7,137       $ 4,347     $ 5,409  
Interest expense 3,057       6,430     2,977  
Income tax expense 2,848       1,777     3,546  
Depreciation and amortization 1,911       2,482     1,921  
EBITDA 14,953       15,036     13,853  
Business transaction costs 35            
Stock-based compensation and warrant expense 1,014       (311 )   872  
Transaction fees / IPO readiness       (184 )   (184 )
Restructuring 137       17     17  
Roark management fee       389     389  
Frozen licensing media 63       459     459  
Non-core legal costs 274       163     163  
Loss in fair value change of contingent consideration - TRA liability 614            
Other (1) 850       (796 )   (796 )
Adjusted EBITDA $ 17,940       $ 14,773     $ 14,773  
_____________________
(1) Other items consist principally of exchange impact of foreign currency transactions and other expenses
 

The following unaudited tables below provides a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to its most directly comparable GAAP measure, which is net income, for the thirty-nine week periods ended May 26, 2018 (Successor), May 27, 2017 (Predecessor), and pro forma period ended May 27, 2017.

Adjusted EBITDA Reconciliation:
 (in thousands)
39-weeks ended     39-weeks ended   39-weeks ended
May 26, 2018     May 27, 2017   May 27, 2017
(Successor)     (Predecessor)   (Pro Forma)
Net income $ 58,749       $ 14,597     $ 20,950  
Interest expense 9,169       20,059     8,932  
Income tax (benefit) expense (17,453 )     8,747     13,736  
Depreciation and amortization 5,793       7,409     5,727  
EBITDA 56,258       50,812     49,345  
Business transaction costs 1,912            
Stock-based compensation and warrant expense 2,981       1,149     2,616  
Transaction fees / IPO readiness       372     372  
Restructuring 567       74     74  
Roark management fee       1,370     1,370  
Frozen licensing media 188       794     794  
Non-core legal costs 1,053       618     618  
Gain in fair value change of contingent consideration - TRA liability (2,412 )          
Other (1) (90 )     (56 )   (56 )
Adjusted EBITDA $ 60,457       $ 55,133     $ 55,133  
_____________________
(1) Other items consist principally of exchange impact of foreign currency transactions and other expenses
 

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